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German Beef Roulades

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Beef roulades are a traditional German main dish. Learn how to make delicious roulades filled with onions, pickled cucumbers, and bacon.

german beef dish with sauce ready to be served

How to make roulades?

Beef roulades are a typical German Sunday or festive main dish, I would say. Pretty large and very thin pieces of beef, smeared with mustard and filled with onions, bacon, and a little gherkin or pickled cucumber.

Everything is simmered in a delicious sauce and served with mashed potatoes and vegetables of choice. For me, there can be hardly any dish more German than that (well, maybe Sauerbraten).

I had these for the first time at my mother-in-law’s place, and it took me years until I finally decided to make my own roulades. I’ve always thought it would be too much hassle to roll and cook the roulades, but once I finally cooked them, I realized that it wasn’t that complicated at all.

Really, you can buy already cut roulades at the butcher’s, all you have to do is to fill and roll them, and that really isn’t a big deal.

So if you want to impress your family or friends with some real German cooking, this is the dish for you. Everybody will love the beef roulades, and they will think you are an amazing cook, not only because the food tastes so good but also because the roulades look like so much hard work. Only you will know how easy it is to make them. 🙂

And learn How to Cook Beef Ribs in the Oven, another rich and incredibly comforting beef dish perfect for the holiday season.

close up of a sliced beef roulade with gherkin inside

What do you need?


  • If you live in Germany, buy Rouladen, which are already thinly cut slices of beef that are meant to be turned into roulades.
  • Otherwise, buy beef slices as thinly cut as possible; the best is to ask the butcher to cut them for you.
  • A slice of beef should be rather long, about 20-25 cm/ 8-10 inches, about 10-11 cm /4-4.5 inches wide, and it should weigh between 160 g – 200 g/ 5.6 – 7 oz each.
  • You can use thin round steaks. Flatten them with a meat mallet, and if they are not long enough, layer two of them to get the length you need.


  • Small, thin pickled cucumbers/gherkins.
  • As you can see in the photographs, my cucumbers are very short, which is why I needed two for each roll.


  • The bacon in Germany is super thin and super narrow.
  • Narrow is not mandatory, but thin is.
  • Use very thin bacon slices and, depending on how wide they are, use one to three slices.
german main dish with meat and sauce on a serving platter

Tips for making good roulades

  • Pound the meat until thin. Use a meat mallet or a smaller, heavy saucepan.
  • Place the slices between lightly oiled pieces of plastic foil. This way, the meat won’t stick to the mallet/saucepan, and there are fewer chances of bruising the meat.
  • If using special Rouladen meat, you will not have to pound the meat for too long; hitting it two or three times should be enough.
  • If using slightly thicker slices, tenderize until evenly thin.
  • Cook the onions needed to fill the rolls; they will get sweeter and softer. This way, the step is worth making.
  • Buy the thinnest pickled cucumbers you can find. If they are too short, use two for each meat roll.
  • Brown the roulades very well all over before starting with the sauce.
preparing raw meat slices for filling
frying onions in a pan
smearing meat pieces with mustard and fillling with onions, bacon and gherkins
rolling raw beef pieces and securing them with pins

How to make the sauce?

  • Cook the German beef roulades in a sauce made with carrots, onions, and thyme.
  • You will have a lot of liquid to start with: red wine, which will cook off at the beginning of the cooking process, beef broth (or chicken stock), and water. The sauce might seem like a lot at first, but it will cook off nicely.
  • Remove the lid from the pot during the last 15 minutes of the cooking time so that the liquid can start reducing.
  • Don’t add too much salt at the beginning; just a pinch or not at all. The sauce might be too salty if your beef broth is very salty. It is preferable to check the sauce for salt at the end of the cooking process.
  • Once the rouladen are cooked, remove them from the skillet and continue cooking the sauce until it reaches the desired consistency, it will take about 10 minutes.
  • If you don’t want to discard the vegetables, you can blend them in the sauce (with an immersion blender). The sauce will taste great, but it will turn rather opaque, and it will be quite thick.
  • For a glossy, fine sauce, remove the veggies with a slotted spoon and reduce the remaining sauce until the desired consistency is achieved.
  • You could thicken the sauce with a cornstarch slurry if you wish. I used to do that in order to speed up the process, but nowadays, I prefer to reduce the sauce a little bit longer; the results are superior.
frying vegetables to make sauce
preparin the sauce for meat rouladen

How to serve?

  • As I mentioned above, this roulade recipe would make an ideal festive lunch for a special Sunday, Easter, or Christmas.
  • I love serving the rouladen with mashed potatoes, which are perfect for that hearty sauce. Plain boiled potatoes, which you can crush in the sauce, are fine as well.
  • Another very traditional way of serving beef roulades is with Semmelknödel or German bread dumplings. You can buy them just about anywhere here, and they are great, but if you really want to go the whole way, you can make your own.
  • When it comes to the vegetable side dish, German red cabbage is just perfect; I think I serve the roulades with red cabbage most of the time.
  • Otherwise, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, or a mixture of carrots and peas are good choices as well.
german beef roulades with bacon and pickled cucumbers

More German main dishes?

Jägerschnitzel – German pork schnitzel with mushroom sauce. Serve with fries or potato salad.

Eggs in Mustard Sauce – Leftover hard-boiled eggs in a creamy mustard sauce with dill. Serve with boiled potatoes.

Stuffed Savoy Cabbage Rolls – Traditional German Savoy cabbage rolls with minced beef and pork, served with a comforting white sauce and boiled potatoes. 

Cheese and Leek Soup with Ground Meat – A popular thick and savory soup everybody loves. Best served with sourdough bread.

Königsberger Klopse – Delicate meatballs in white wine sauce with capers and anchovies and served with boiled potatoes.

Or check out the German main courses category.

cooked shiny beef rouladen on a plate with brown sauce

Do you like this recipe?

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plate of sliced meat roulades with lots of sauce and parsley

German Beef Roulades

Beef roulades are a traditional German main dish. Learn how to make delicious roulades filled with onions, pickled cucumbers and bacon.
5 from 8 votes
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Course: German Main Course
Cuisine: German
Prep Time: 30 minutes
Cook Time: 1 hour 50 minutes
Total Time: 2 hours 20 minutes
Servings: 4
Calories: 716kcal
Author: Adina


  • Dutch oven or heavy-bottomed pot


  • Roulades:
  • 4 thin beef slices/rouladen See note
  • 2 onions
  • 1 tablespoon butter
  • 4-8 small pickled cucumbers/gherkins depending on size
  • 2-3 teaspoons medium mustard
  • 4-12 very thin bacon slices depending on size
  • fine sea salt and freshly ground black pepper
  • some oil for brushing
  • Sauce:
  • 2 onions
  • 2 carrots
  • 1 tablespoon oil
  • 1 tablespoon tomato paste
  • 1 teaspoon granulated sugar
  • 1 tablespoon all-purpose flour
  • 1 cup red wine
  • 2 cups beef broth
  • 1 cup water
  • 1 large garlic clove
  • 2-3 sprigs thyme
  • fine sea salt and freshly ground black pepper



  • Tenderize meat: Cut two pieces of plastic foil larger than the roulades and brush them with a bit of oil. Lay the roulades one at a time on one of the plastic foil pieces, cover them with the second piece and tenderize them using a flat object (I used a heavy saucepan with a handle, I “beat” the meat with the bottom of the saucepan). Set the beef slices aside.
  • Saute onions: Peel and halve the onions, then cut them into thin half circles. Melt the butter in a pan and cook the onions until nicely golden. Leave them to cool down slightly.
  • Fill: Brush each roulade with mustard. Place 1-3 very thin bacon pieces on the meat; it depends on how wide the bacon is; German bacon slices are very thin and narrow. Divide the onions into four portions and spread one part on each roulade. Place 1-2 small pickled cucumbers at the end of each beef slice.
  • Roll: Fold the long sides of the beef just a little bit over the filling so that it would not come out. Roll the meat starting at the end where the cucumber lies. Fix the roulades by sticking them with a special roulade needle (if you have any) or with a toothpick. Sprinkle with salt and pepper on all sides.


  • Brown: Chop the onions and the carrots. Heat the oil in a large skillet or Dutch oven. Brown the roulades on all sides, take them out of the pot, and set them aside.
  • Saute onions: Place the onions and the carrots in the same pot and cook until the onions are golden brown, about 5 minutes.
  • Roux: Add the tomato paste and the sugar and cook, stirring, for a couple of minutes. Add the flour and continue cooking while stirring for another minute or two until the flour is slightly golden.
  • Add the red wine little by little (3 or 4 large splashes) and let it reduce before adding the following splash. Finally, add the last splash of wine, the beef broth, and the water, and bring everything to a boil.
  • Simmer: Place the roulades back into the Dutch oven, together with the finely chopped garlic clove and the thyme sprigs. Cover, turn the heat down, and simmer for about 1 ¼ hour. Remove the lid during the last 15 minutes of cooking time to allow the sauce to reduce.
  • Keep warm: Take the roulades out of the sauce, carefully remove the needles or toothpicks and keep them warm.
  • Cook the sauce down for about 10 minutes. You can leave the vegetables inside and blend the sauce smooth, this will thicken the sauce, but the sauce will not be that fine anymore. For a finer sauce, remove the vegetables with a slotted spoon and reduce the sauce to the desired consistency.
  • Taste and add salt, if necessary. It might not be; it depends on the saltiness of the beef broth. Add pepper.
  • Reheat: Place the roulades back into the sauce and heat them again. Serve immediately as suggested above.


A slice of beef should be rather long, about 20-25 cm/ 8-10 inches, about 10-11 cm /4-4.5 inches wide, weighing between 160 g – 200 g/ 5.6 – 7 oz each.
You can use thin round steaks. Flatten them with a meat mallet, and if they are not long enough, layer two of them to get the length you need.


Serving: 1roulade | Calories: 716kcal | Carbohydrates: 19g | Protein: 63g | Fat: 37g | Saturated Fat: 13g | Polyunsaturated Fat: 19g | Trans Fat: 1g | Cholesterol: 191mg | Sodium: 1398mg | Fiber: 3g | Sugar: 8g
Tried this Recipe? Pin it for Later!Mention @adinabeck or tag #WhereIsMySpoon!

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Recipe Rating


Sunday 3rd of July 2022

My parents were German born and immigrated to the US in the 1930's. My mom made this since I was a child, which was long ago. Two things that are different about your recipe and hers is that she NEVER put pickles in it, I don't know why, and didn't cook the onions. I still make them her way, although I use the slow cooker instead of the stovetop, except to brown them. It is definitely a family favorite. I will try it with cooked onions, and see how we like that, but we are not big pickle fans, so I will still leave those out. I also find carne asada cuts are just the right thickness, sometimes a little short.


Monday 4th of July 2022

Hi Barbara. Making them in the slow cooker sounds good, I will try it sometime. The pickles are nice, they add crunch and more flavor; they are quite typical here, but, of course, you can always leave them.

Pete wagner

Saturday 4th of June 2022

This is the perfect Rouladen recipe.. this was our traditional Christmas dinner..instead of toothpicks my grandmother used butchers twine to wrap the Rouladen , which is easy to do and keeps the wraps nice and tight when cooking .


Monday 3rd of May 2021

This recipe turned out really great! It did take two of us to assemble and excute but worth the time. My husband had never tasted this but my mom used to make for us. Very tasty. Wanted to post a picture but I do not see an option?


Monday 3rd of May 2021

Hi. I am so happy to hear it! Sorry, I don't have an option for pictures. Thank you for the feedback!

Maria Weiss

Monday 24th of August 2020

Great recipe I must try it I will look for the German skewers


Tuesday 25th of August 2020

Thank you, Maria. If you cannot find, toothpicks should be fine as well.


Wednesday 8th of April 2020

Hi Adina, I am wondering how this would work with chicken instead of beef? Thank you!


Wednesday 8th of April 2020

Hi Valentina. I've never cooked this with chicken. I can only say that chicken would need much less cooking time and therefore also less cooking liquid. It will also taste differently, quite another recipe. Let me know if you try it.